ETHIOPIA: Food Security Outlook Update (FEWS Net)
Increases in food prices limit households’ the market purchases during the lean season
- Following the somewhat favorable Kiremt rains starting in July, the planted crops are at their normal developmental stages in most of the country. Pasture and water availability have improved leading to a subsequent improvement in livestock body condition. Despite the overall improvements, pocket areas in the country that have been affected by hailstorms and floods. Also, in some eastern marginal Meher producing areas, including areas in North and South Wollo and South and East Tigray, the early cessation of Kiremt rain has already reduced crop growth and is expected to further reduce yields.
- If the El Niño phenomenon starts as forecasted, it has a tendency to enhance precipitation in the southern and southeastern pastoral and agropastoral areas, positively impacting food security beginning in October and November when the Deyr/Hagaya rains start. Unseasonal rains could also occur in areas harvesting the Meher in November and December, reducing yields.
- Being the primary, agricultural lean season, food prices are not expected to decline in September. However, high food prices compared to already high prices last year is limiting the ability of the poor and the very poor households to make market purchases of food.
- The need for humanitarian food assistance in northeastern and southern parts of the country is expected to remain high as households continue to rebuild livelihoods following successive droughts since 2010.
Updated food security outlook through December 2012
Southern and southeastern pastoral and agropastoral areas
The southern parts of Somali Region have remained dry as usual since the end of the Gu rains in May 2012. Similarly, the lowlands of Borana and Guji of Oromia and South Omo Zones of Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region (SNNPR) remain dry, but cold due to heavy cloud coverage. Cloud cover has moderated the temperature and reduced evapotranspiration, meaning that pasture and water sources are depleting slower than usual.
Read full Report (Ethiopia Food Security Update Sept 2012)